Firefighters for 9-11 Truth: Summary of Evidence of Controlled Demolition at the World Trade Center

25 Nov 2008

This work is dedicated to Chief of Department Peter J. Ganci Jr. and his 342 fellow F.D.N.Y. members killed in action while trying to save others.

Summary of Evidence of Controlled Demolition at the World Trade Center
(Expansive citations below)

This article appeared originally at and is the intellectual property of David R. Wayne & Greg Garrison ©2008 with all use permissions hereby granted provided that all copies include this notice of authorship.

The evidence summarized below proves conclusively that 3 World Trade Center buildings collapsed on 9/11/2001 as the result of controlled demolitions. It makes no attempt to determine why, or to imply by whom. From a scientific standpoint, it is inadvisable to leap to conclusions because there are always scenarios we may not be prepared to imagine. In science, as in life, an open mind is a good thing. It is conceivable that there was a bio-threat airborne in the CIA undercover New York station in Building 7 capable of wiping out 20 million people if it wasn’t immediately neutralized by the use of Thermate. Although that is unlikely, it remains possible and therefore, scientifically, it stands as an unknown, as do many other unknowns.

However, we do know via established empirical evidence that a series of observable events took place that can be analyzed. If we learn the temperatures at which steel melts and at which jet fuel burns we can then determine whether burning jet fuel can melt steel. Proof of evidence can and should preclude personal opinions and lead us to logically necessary conclusions. A fair examination of the evidence establishes unequivocally that 3 skyscrapers collapsed as the direct and proximate result of planned demolition and that the official explanation is literally physically impossible and a blatant contradiction of established laws of science and nature.

1. The architects of the World Trade Center designed the buildings to absorb the impact of a crashing jetliner because that was an obvious structural design imperative in Manhattan. The designers of the buildings always confidently maintained that they would remain structurally secure from collapse under those circumstances.

FRANK A. DeMARTINI, MANAGER, WTC CONSTRUCTION & PROJECT MANAGEMENT has testified to the fact that the buildings at the World Trade Center should have been able to sustain multiple jumbo jet impacts without threatening the structural integrity of the buildings’ steel-reinforced frames:

“I believe that the building probably could sustain multiple impacts of jetliners because this structure is like mosquito-netting on your screen door-this intense grid. And the jet plane is just a pencil puncturing that screen netting. It really does nothing to the screen netting.”

Detailed structural analysis of the Twin Towers determined that:

“The buildings have been investigated and found to be safe in an assumed collision with a large jet airliner [Boeing 707-DC 8] traveling at 600 miles per hour. Analysis indicates that such collision would result in only local damage which could not cause collapse or substantial damage to the building and would not endanger the lives and safety of occupants not in the immediate area of impact.”

As noted by John Skilling, the engineer responsible for designing the World Trade Center, the buildings would withstand a major crash and the ensuing fires:

“Our analysis indicated the biggest problem would be the fact that all the jet fuel would dump into the building. (But) the building structure would still be there.”

See 9/11 – A Closer Look by scientist Kevin Ryan:

911 Mysteries Part 1 – Demolition:

Each tower contained:

  • Over 90,000 tons of concrete;
  • 47 Massive Steel Core Columns and

• 240 Steel Perimeter Columns welded together and connected by hundreds of steel joints, perpendicular cross trusses, thousands of large steel bolts and concrete-filled steel floor decking at each floor level;

  • 100,000 Ton Heat Sink to absorb excess heat;

• Updated fireproofing and a fire control system designed to prevent “chimney effect” and suffocate fires by depriving them of oxygen.To convey the extent of the structural integrity of the World Trade Center, the Engineering News Record reported that:

One “could cut away all the first story columns on one side of the building, and partway from the corners of the perpendicular sides, and the building could still withstand design live loads and a 100 mph wind from any direction.”

2. No large steel-reinforced building anywhere in the world, at any time before or since 9/11, ever experienced full building collapse due to fire:

“Never before in the history of the world has a steel building collapsed due to fire.”

The unique exception is 9/11 when 3 steel-reinforced skyscrapers with state-of-the-art fire-proofing at the World Trade Center allegedly collapsed due to fires, although the fires clearly never seriously threatened the structural integrity of the buildings.

In 1945 a U.S. Air Force B-25 bomber struck the Empire State Building, killing 14 people. However, neither the impact nor the ensuing fires caused significant damage to the building’s steel-reinforced frame and never threatened the structural integrity of the building.

3. Structural analysis conducted by MIT Engineer/Scientist Dr. Jeff King concludes:

a. The 47 massive steel core columns of each of the towers were adequately designed to withstand collapse.4. Structural steel begins to melt at 1510 degrees Celsius (2750 degrees Fahrenheit) and only if that temperature is maintained over a long period of time. Burning jet fuel can only reach temperatures of 1120 degrees Celsius and decreases in temperature if the fuel feeding it is being depleted (as was the case in the Twin Towers). Therefore, the temperature from the burning jet fuel (commonly cited as the reason for weakening the structure) could not possibly have melted the steel-reinforced columns.
The point becomes moot very quickly anyway because, as FEMA acknowledged, the level of dissipation of the jet fuel precluded its ability to burn long enough to even threaten structured steel:

b. “The Trade Center Towers and most modern buildings are heavily redundant.” Normally under the conditions that were present:

“The structure re-stabilizes and unless there is significant further damage, it doesn’t progress to a total collapse.”

c. “The columns could not have collapsed into themselves.” The official explanation of impact and fire damage causing complete loss of mechanical strength of structured steel and simultaneous core collapse is impossible.

d. Explosives are the only plausible mechanism to explain the high-speed slurry of the buildings.

FEMA (Federal Emergency Management Agency) Report 403, World Trade Center Building Performance Study, 2002, clearly states that all jet fuel was totally consumed within the first few minutes after impact.
Scientist Kevin Ryan concludes that the rapid fuel consumption was an additional reason why it was impossible for the fires to have melted the structured steel:

“Including the fact that only 4,000 gallons of jet fuel were available to feed the fires in the impact zone and that was gone in a flash-fire in 5 minutes.”

See 9/11 – A Closer Look by Kevin Ryan:

The actual temperatures of the WTC fires were only 650 degrees Celsius (1200 degrees Fahrenheit) which is dramatically insufficient to melt steel. Thermite (the incendiary explosive of which there was evidence at Ground Zero), however, typically reaches 2500 degrees Celsius (4500 degrees Fahrenheit).

“The fire is the most misunderstood part of the WTC collapse. Even today, the media report (and many scientists believe) that the steel melted. It is argued that the jet fuel burns very hot, especially with so much fuel present. This is not true.

Part of the problem is that people (including engineers) often confuse temperature and heat. While they are related, they are not the same. Thermodynamically, the heat contained in a material is related to the temperature through the heat capacity and the density (or mass). Temperature is defined as an intensive property, meaning that it does not vary with the quantity of material, while the heat is an extensive property, which does vary with the amount of material. One way to distinguish the two is to note that if a second log is added to the fireplace, the temperature does not double; it stays roughly the same, but the size of the fire or the length of time the fire burns, or a combination of the two, doubles. Thus, the fact that there were 90,000 L of jet fuel on a few floors of the WTC does not mean that this was an unusually hot fire. The temperature of the fire at the WTC was not unusual, and it was most definitely not capable of melting steel.” (Eager & Musso, 2001)

Therefore, as many scientists, engineers and architects have observed, under the conditions presented there simply was not enough energy available for “crushing 80,000 tons of structural steel below” or for the “mid-air pulverization of 90,000 tons of concrete” of each tower into fine dust.

5. The fires were not raging infernos. Quite to the contrary, they were controllable fires. F.D.N.Y. Battalion 7 Chief Orio Palmer, a marathon runner, reached the “hot spot” on the 78th floor of the South Tower. He was soon joined by Fire Marshall Ronald Bucca, another avid runner, who had just raced up all 78 floors to join him. They were the first to reach the impact zone and appraise the damage from the fires. They radioed the firefighters from Ladder Company 15 who were running up the stairs in full gear. Battalion 7 Chief Palmer had assessed the damage and radioed down that he could get them put out with two fire lines. The following is a verbatim transcript of his radio transmission at 9:52 a.m. on 9/11:


“Battalion Seven. Ladder 15, we’ve got two isolated pockets of fire. We should be able to knock it down with two lines. Radio that, 78th floor, numerous 10-45 Code Ones.”

(“10-45 Code Ones” is referential to dead bodies)
It is extremely noteworthy that the radio transmissions of Battalion 7 Chief Orio Palmer and the radio responses to it literally occurred only seconds prior to the total collapse in WTC 2. According to the official U.S. government explanation, at that moment there should have been massive structural failings at that section of the building at that time. Therefore, according to the official version, the firefighters should have been rushing panic-struck to evacuate anyone that they could and as rapidly as they could, including themselves. Yet they are not doing so. What they are doing at that moment, in reality, is calmly and professionally preparing to move up to floor 79 to rescue more people. Below are their transmissions from moments before the collapse:

“Chief, what stair you in?”


“South stairway Adam, South Tower.”


“Floor 78?”


“Ten-four. Numerous civilians, we gonna need two engines up here.”


“Tower one. Battalion Seven to Ladder 15.”




“I’m going to need two of your firefighters Adam stairway to knock down two fires. We have a house line stretched, we could use some water on it, knock it down, ‘kay?”


“Alright, ten-four. We’re coming up the stairs. We’re on 77 now in the B stair. I’ll be right to you.”


“Battalion Seven Operations Tower One to Battalion Nine. Need you on floor above 79. We have access stairs going up to 79, ‘kay?”


“Alright, I’m on my way up, Orio.”

At 9:55 a.m. is the final radio transmission from Battalion Chief Palmer and Fire Marshall Bucca, as the building suddenly and literally implodes:


“Battalion Seven. Ladder 15-“

At that moment F.D.N.Y. Battalion Seven Commander Orio Palmer and Fire Marshall Ronald Bucco were both killed in action, along with 341 fellow members of F.D.N.Y. who were unable to evacuate in time because the buildings imploded suddenly and without warning.

In summary:

  • F.D.N.Y reported “two isolated pockets of fire” near the impact zone in the South Tower.
  • F.D.N.Y. also reported that it would only take two fire lines to extinguish the fires in the South Tower.

• The fires were compartmentalized and contained. The structure sustained the impact and sealed off the fires from expanding, just as it was designed to do:
“In fact, the Towers did what they were built to do.”

  • FEMA conceded that the jet fuel was totally consumed within the first few minutes after impact.

• Yet FEMA would have us believe that:”This was somehow enough to bring down the Tower’s 47-steel-column core, 236 exterior columns, and thousands of steel trusses, all at the same time.”

6. Firefighters were not evacuated from Ground Zero before the collapse of the structures because F.D.N.Y. Chief of Department Pete Ganci knew the history of the buildings involved and the extent of their damage, as well as the fact that the fires were in the process of being put out. Therefore, based on that knowledge, he considered total building collapse a literal impossibility, which was acknowledged in the FEMA Report. As evidence of that fact, when a message from OEM (Office of Emergency Management) that the buildings were going to collapse finally reached him shortly before collapse ensued, Chief Ganci considered that statement so outrageous that he reportedly looked at the person who delivered it and said:

“Who the f_ ck would tell you a thing like that?”

7. Barry Jennings was Deputy Director and Emergency Coordinator for Emergency Services Department, New York City Housing Authority, was present at Ground Zero on 9/11 and in command of the Emergency Services office. Jennings testified that he heard a series of explosions prior to the collapse of either tower and that there were dead bodies in the blown-out lobby of Building 7. When he arrived at the Office of Emergency Management in WTC 7 on the morning of 9/11, the condition of the building itself was normal. When he was rescued by firefighters several hours later, after the series of explosions but prior to building collapse, he felt like he was in a war zone. The lobby of WTC 7 was totally destroyed and he had stumble over dead bodies to get out:

“I was trapped in there for several hours. I was trapped in there when both buildings came down. All this time, I’m hearing all type of explosions. All this time I’m hearing explosions. When they finally got to us, and they took us down to what they called the lobby – because I asked them, I said, when we got down there, I said ‘Where are we?’ He said ‘This was the lobby.’ And I said ‘You gotta be kidding me.’ It was in total ruins. Total ruins. Now keep in mind, when I came in there, the lobby had nice escalators, it was a huge lobby. And for me to see what I saw, it was unbelievable. And the firefighter that took us down kept saying, ‘Do not look down.’ And I kept saying ‘Why?’ He said ‘Do not look down.’ And we were stepping over people – and you know, you can feel when you’re stepping over people.”
“I looked around, the lobby was gone. It looked like hell.”

The official explanation never satisfied Jennings and, until his sudden death, he was adamantly in disagreement:

“I know what I heard. I heard explosions. The explanation I got was it was the fuel-oil tank. I’m an old boiler guy. If it was a fuel-oil tank, it would have been one side of the building.”

8. An EMT (Emergency Medical Technician) who was present at Ground Zero has revealed that he was warned on-scene that Building 7 of the World Trade Center was being brought down by controlled demolition and that a 20-second demolition countdown was broadcast over radio preceding its collapse. He also witnessed “multiple underground support columns of the WTC towers that had been severed before those buildings imploded.” He was present at Ground Zero before, during and after the collapse of the structures and states:

“There were explosions. There were flashes. There was molten metal running down the I-beams of the basement levels like lava flows. I’ve never seen anything like it. Yes, planes hit the buildings – anybody who says otherwise is a moron. But the explosions – the rapid, symmetrical sequential explosions – they happened.”(Paul Joseph Watson, 2007)

“We stood outside listening to the explosions. One after the other, every minute or so. At one point, about 10 minutes before the first collapse, a 30-foot or so section of the courtyard exploded straight up into the air. Just before the collapses, a series of deep, below ground explosions, then numerous explosions in the building’s upper floors. Then we ran. We felt the same deep explosions before the second collapse. This was not just the planes.”

“The buildings were rigged, there is no question about it.”

After the collapses of the Twin Towers, he then witnessed the collapse of Building 7 in precisely the same symmetrical manner:

“There were bright flashes up and down the sides of Building 7, you could see them through the windows…and it collapsed.”
(Paul Joseph Watson, 2007)
Further confirmation of a demolition countdown comes via former U.S. Air Force Special Operations Search & Rescue and medic Kevin McPadden who was assisting victims at Ground Zero and has testified that there was a countdown for demolition on WTC 7:

First responder heard WTC 7 demolition countdown:

“In a video interview with Alex Jones, McPadden describes the moments before the collapse of WTC 7.

“When we saw the firemen pick up their equipment and start bustling back and forth they were getting ready to do something, we started asking questions,” said McPadden.

Despite numerous attempts to glean information from Red Cross officials, McPadden and other first responders were told nothing while one official, shortly after talking to firemen, held his hand over his radio and told them to “just sit tight” and “calm down” before admitting “they’re thinking about bringing the building down.”

McPadden and his colleagues were miffed as to what the official meant by this statement, initially thinking the building next to them was possibly being brought down.

“He took his hand off for the last three seconds of it – and you hear three, two, one,” said McPadden, adding that the official then gave a heartfelt look and told the first responders, “just run for your life.”

“And you heard – boom, boom, boom,” said McPadden, describing the sound of bombs tearing down the building.”
(Paul Joseph Watson, 2007) (emphasis added) (Sources confirm that the anonymous EMT mentioned above this entry is a separate individual from Kevin McPadden)

9. Firefighters witnessing and acknowledging the “serious explosions” is clearly documented in the following video/audio taken long after the planes had impacted and tower collapses (note the level of debris at ground level):

“We made it around the corner and that’s when the shit hit the fan, right then and there. We heard that loud ‘Ba-Boom!’ I just – it was like an earthquake, or whatever; a giant, giant explosion. Then this big gust came and I just went flying – maybe thirty, forty feet – tumbling. I got up, got on my hands and knees, because all of that white shit was all over me. I just kept crawling. My ears were like, deaf, you know?

The thundering series of explosions are after the airliner impacts and the demolition charges are clearly audible on the following clip, where the explosions are even time-stamped on-screen.

If you watch nothing else, watch and listen closely to this;

8 EXPLOSIONS are distinctly audible immediately prior to first collapse:

WMV video download (2.8 MB)
(for text and video, scroll down slightly at):

“A point to note about the above video is the sounds of the explosions consist of low frequencies only.

The absence of high frequencies indicates the sounds were not transmitted through the air to the camera’s microphone but through the ground – they reached the microphone via the tripod.

This in turn indicates that the explosions occurred below ground level (note where the smoke originates in the video).

How could an aircraft impact at floors 78+ of WTC 2 cause numerous large explosions at the base of the building?” (

“Just before the collapses, a series of deep, below ground explosions, then numerous explosions in the buildings upper floors…We felt the same deep explosions before the second collapse.” (Paul Joseph Watson; 2007)

10. Trained professionals who were eyewitnesses at Ground Zero have described the series of explosions in the method typical of planned demolition. Note that they took place long after the planes had impacted the towers, so what they are describing are a series of sequential boom-type sounds accompanied by bright flashes, both standard trademarks of professional demolition:


“I thought that when I looked in the direction of the Trade Center before it came down, before Number Two came down, that I saw low-level flashes. In my conversation with Lieutenant Evangelista, never mentioning this to him, he questioned me and asked me if I saw low-level flashes in front of the building, and I agreed with him…I saw a flash-flash-flash, and then it looked like the building came down.”


Was that on the lower level of the building or up where the fire was?


“No, the lower level of the building. You know like when they demolish a building, how when they blow up a building, when it falls down? That’s what I thought I saw. And I didn’t broach the topic to him, but he asked me. He said I don’t know if I’m crazy, but I just wanted to ask you because you were standing right next to me. He said did you see anything by the building? And I said what do you mean by see anything? He said did you see any flashes? I said, yes, well, I thought it was just me. He said no, I saw them too…I’m not going to say it was on the first floor or the second floor, but somewhere in that area I saw to me what appeared to be flashes. “


“At first I thought it was – do you ever see professional demolition where they set the charges on certain floors and then you hear ‘Pop-pop-pop-pop-pop’? That’s exactly what – because I thought it was that. When I heard that frigging noise, that’s when I saw the building coming down.”


“Somewhere around the middle of the World Trade Center there was this orange and red flash coming out. Initially it was just one flash. Then this flash just kept popping, all the way around the building, and that building had started to explode. The popping sound. And with each popping sound, it was initially an orange, and then a red flash came out of the building, and then it would just go all around the building, on both sides as far as I could see. These popping sounds, and the explosions were getting bigger, going both up and down, and then all around the building.”


“It seemed like it was going all around like a belt, all these explosions.”


“I remember seeing, it looked like sparkling around one specific layer of the building.”


“The next thing I heard was Pete (F.D.N.Y. Chief of Department Pete Ganci) say ‘What the fuck is this?’ And as my eyes traveled up the building, and I was looking at the south tower, somewhere about halfway up, my initial reaction was there was a secondary explosion, and the entire floor area, a ring right around the building blew out.”


“And while I was still in that immediate area, the south tower, 2 World Trade Center, there was what appeared at first to be an explosion. It appeared at the very top, simultaneously from all four sides, material shot out horizontally. And then there seemed to be a momentary delay before you could see the beginning of the collapse.”


“I was watching the fire, watching the people jump and hearing a noise and looking up and seeing – it actually looked – the lowest floor of fire in the south tower actually looked like someone had planted explosives around it because the whole bottom I could see – I could see two sides of it and the other side – it just looked like that floor blew out. I looked up and you could actually see everything blew out on the one floor. I thought, geez, this looks like an explosion up there, it blew out.”


“…there was an explosion in the south tower…I kept watching. Floor after floor after floor. (It) looked like a synchronized deliberate kind of thing.”


“It actually gave at a lower floor, not the floor where the plane hit, because we originally had thought there was like an internal detonation explosives because it went in succession, boom, boom, boom, boom, and then the tower came down.”


“Floor by floor, it started popping out.”

“It was as if they had detonated – as if they were planning to take down a building: Boom-Boom-Boom-Boom-Boom-Boom-Boom-Boom-Boom.”

(From the film “9-11”; Gedeon Naudet & Jules Naudet)

Much the same description is given by another eyewitness to building collapse, former NYPD officer and responder Craig Bartmer. He states that he clearly heard bombs tear down Building 7 as he ran away from its collapse:


“The whole time you’re hearing ‘Boom, boom, boom, boom, boom.’ I think I know an explosion when I hear it.”
Various reports have also documented the multiple explosions. See:

And here in the following video clip is a specific example of the demolition squibs which the above witnesses are referring to. It is a close-up of the demo squibs along the southwest corner of Building 7 as it collapses. Observe the row of small squibs from cutting charges going off in sequence from bottom to top just as the building starts to fall. Replay this very short clip several times and it becomes very apparent that the charges are going up the building in precisely the method of planned demolition:
The demolition squibs are also clearly diagrammed in the following video presentation by MIT Engineer/Scientist Dr. Jeff King:

11. Firefighters who were on-scene in the Twin Towers have provided numerous reports of a series of explosions taking place after the impacts of the airliners and immediately prior to the collapse of each tower.

Professor Graeme MacQueen has documented the testimony of 118 firefighters who describe what they saw in terms of explosions.
It should be noted that the City of New York suppressed the release to the public of the F.D.N.Y. Oral Histories. A lawsuit was filed and eventually the New York State Court of Appeals ordered the City of New York to release the interviews.

The following are representative excerpts from the firefighters’ testimony (most were not included in the 9/11 Report) and their attempted testimony (firefighters such as Louie Cacchioli walked out in disgust on 9/11 Commission members for not allowing him to “tell the truth” about what had occurred):


“It seemed like it took forever, but there were about 10 explosions…We then realized the building started to come down.”


“At that time I started walking back up towards Vesey Street. I heard 3 explosions. And then we heard like groaning and grinding, and Tower 2 started to come down.”


“The officer actually said for me to give my radio to a senior guy there, Louie Cacchioli, and he took the radio off of me and he went up. We were waiting in, I guess like a little, almost like a cutout area of the lobby, an elevator bank. One elevator was only working out of like four elevators in that bank.

The door closed, they went up, and it just seemed a couple seconds and all of a sudden you just heard like it almost actually that day sounded like bombs going off. Like ‘Boom-boom-boom.’ Like 7 or 8…”

“There was a huge amount of smoke. Tommy and I had to go back down the elevator for tools and no sooner did the elevators close behind us, we heard this huge explosion that sounded like a bomb. It was such a loud noise, it knocked off the lights and stalled the elevator.”
“I somehow got into the stairwell and there were more people there. When I began to try and direct down, another huge explosion like the first one hits. This one hits about two minutes later, although it’s hard to tell, but I’m thinking, ‘Oh, my God, these bastards put bombs in here like they did in 1993!'”

“As my officer and I were looking at the south tower, it just gave. It actually gave at a lower floor, not the floor where the plane hit, because we originally had thought there was like an internal detonation explosives because it went in succession, boom, boom, boom, boom, and then the tower came down.”


“There was nobody in the intersection, nobody in the streets in general, everyone just saying come on, keeping coming, keep coming. That’s when (the North Tower) went. I looked back. You see three explosions and then the whole thing coming down. I turned my head and everybody was scattering.”


“So I think that the building was really kind of starting to melt. We were – like, the meltdown was beginning. The collapse hadn’t begun, but it was not a fire any more up there. It was like – it was like that – like smoke explosion on a tremendous scale going on up there.”


“We were standing underneath and Captain Stone was speaking again. We heard – I heard 3 loud explosions. I look up and the north tower is coming down now, 1 World Trade Center.”

“We were standing in a circle in the middle of West Street. They were talking about what was going on. At that time, when I heard the 3 loud explosions, I started running west on Vesey Street towards the water. At that time, I couldn’t run fast enough. The debris caught up with me, knocked my helmet off.”


“As we are looking up at the building, what I saw was, it looked like the building was blowing out on all four sides. We actually heard the pops.”


“You heard like loud booms…”


“When I got underneath the north bridge, I looked back and you heard it. I heard, like, every floor went ‘Chu-chu-chu.’ Looked back and from the pressure everything was getting blown out of the floors before it actually collapsed.”


“I grabbed her and the Lieutenant picked her up by the legs and we start walking over slowly to the curb, and then I heard an explosion from up, from up above, and I froze and I was like, oh, shit, I’m dead because I thought the debris was going to hit me in the head and that was it. Then everybody stops and looks at the building and they take off. The Lieutenant dropped her legs and ran. The triage center, everybody who was sitting there hurt and, oh, you know, help me, they got up and everybody together got up and ran. I looked at them like why are they running? I look over my shoulder and I says, oh, shit, and then I turned around and looked up and that’s when I saw the tower coming down.”

“We start walking back there and then I heard a ground level explosion and I’m like holy shit, and then you heard that twisting metal wreckage again. Then I said shit and everybody started running and I started running behind them, and we get to the door.”


“After that I heard this huge explosion, I thought it was a boiler exploding or something. Next thing you know this huge cloud of smoke is coming at us, so we’re running.”


“I was standing kind of on the edge of where our elevator bank met the big elevator bank. That was when the – I determined that’s when the north tower collapses. We are standing there and the first thing that happened, which I still think is strange to me, the lights went out. Completely pitch black. Since we are in that core little area of the building, there is no natural light. No nothing, I didn’t see a thing. I had heard right before the lights went out, I had heard a distant ‘boom-boom-boom, sounded like three explosions. I don’t know what it was. At the time, I would have said they sounded like bombs, but it was ‘boom-boom-boom’ and then the lights all go out. I hear someone say oh, shit, that was just for the lights out. I would say about 3, 4 seconds, all of a sudden this tremendous roar. It sounded like being in a tunnel with the train coming at you.”


“Then we heard a rumble, some twisting metal, we looked up in the air, and to be totally honest, at first, I don’t know exactly – but it looked to me just like an explosion. It didn’t look like the building was coming down, it looked like just one floor had blown completely outside of it. I was sitting there looking at it.”


“Then there was another it sounded like an explosion and heavy white powder, papers, flying everywhere. We sat put there for a few minutes. It kind of dissipated.”

“That’s when we heard this massive explosion and I saw this thing rolling towards us. It looked like a fireball and then thick, thick black smoke.”


“You heard a big boom, it was quiet for about ten seconds. Then you could hear another one.”


“At that point I looked back and most of the people who were triaged in that area with the triage tags on them got up and ran. I took a quick glance at the building and while I didn’t see it falling, I saw a large section of it blasting out, which led me to believe it was just an explosion. I thought it was a secondary device, but I knew that we had to go.”

“The elevators just blew right out. We couldn’t believe it. The plane hits 80 floors up but the elevators explode at least five minutes later? It was unreal.”
“We were tossed like a rag doll by another explosion in our building. People were making there way down the stairwells burnt like you couldn’t believe. We were all shocked because it seemed as if there was fire everywhere, on so many floors. It just didn’t make sense.”


“When we hit the 19th floor, something horrendous happened. It was like a bomb went off. We thought we were dead. The whole building shook.”

“It was like a huge, enormous explosion. I still can hear it. Everything shook. Everything went black.”


“There just seemed to be one explosion after another.”


“As I continued to wave them back periodically you would hear a loud boom go off at the top of tower one. As the building continued to burn and emergency equipment kept on responding stirring up the dust and debris in the streets. After approximately 15 minutes suddenly there was another loud boom at the upper floors, then there was a series of smaller explosions which appeared to go completely around the building at the upper floors. And another loud earth-shattering blast with a large fire ball which blew out more debris and at that point everyone began to run north on West Broad Street.”


I hear an explosion and I look up (at the South Tower). It is as if the building is being imploded from the top floor down, one after another: Boom, boom, boom.”

Dozens of eyewitness reports confirm multiple explosions far below the impact zones of either tower. The following are representative examples:

Edmund McNally was in Tower 2 and phoned his wife twice after the aircraft impact, telling her:

“I can hear explosions below me.”

Statement of Eyewitness present prior to collapse:

“I saw it as it was happening and it sounded as if you had a hundred of those little Black Cat firecrackers and you lit ’em all off at once. That’s what it sounded like. It sounded like the finale of the 4th of July over the East River.”

Another Eyewitness present prior to collapse:

“And then all of a sudden it started like, like, it sounded like gunfire. You know, ‘Bang, bang, bang, bang, bang.’ And then all of a sudden, three big explosions.”

Steve Evans, Reporter for BBC:

“I was at the base of the second tower, the second tower that was hit. There was an explosion…the base of the building shook. I felt it shake…then when we were outside, the second explosion happened and then there was a series of explosions.”

Fox 5 News, New York (Reporting LIVE):

“There is an explosion at the base of the building…white smoke from the bottom…something has happened at the base of the building…”

Another Eyewitness:

“It just went “BA-BOOM” – it was like a bomb went off. And it was like holy hell coming down those stairs, and when we finally got to the bottom and we were coming out, on the mezzanine level there, and another explosion.”

12. It is literally scientifically impossible that the towers collapsed due to fires. There are many scientific papers detailing the literal impossibility of this theory; see, for example: Muslims Suspend Laws of Physics at:
There are literally dozens more peer-reviewed scholarly articles at:

The scientific fact is that the massive steel columns in the core of the buildings would never have been threatened from the jetliner impacts or the ensuing fire. Take a look at the structure of these buildings:

“Each of the towers was about 1,300 feet tall. To support these extremely tall buildings, there were 47 steel columns around the perimeter, with each column being far thicker at the bottom than at the top. The perimeter columns were connected to the core by means of steel bar-joist trusses in the concrete floors. Although there has been considerable talk of “flimsy trusses,” Scientific American quoted engineer Robert McNamara as saying “nowadays, they just don’t build them as tough as the World Trade Center.” With regard to the bar-joist trusses in particular, the FEMA report said: “The floor framing system of the two towers was complex and substantially more redundant than typical bar-joist floor systems.” Investigations of some recovered steel have found, furthermore, that far from being defective, it met or even exceeded the standard requirements. Given these facts about the towers, we can dismiss a second idea that has been widely promulgated, namely, that the impact of the airplanes would have substantially weakened the towers, Thomas Eagar says that the impact of the airplanes would have been insignificant, because “the number of columns lost on the initial impact was not large and the loads were shifted to remaining columns in this highly redundant structure.” “Within a few dozen seconds after the plane crash,” Eric Hufschmid points out, “the North tower was quiet, stable, and motionless.” Because the steel used in must be able to hold five times its normal load, Eagar points out; the steel in the towers could have collapsed only if it was heated to the point at which it “lost 80 percent of its strength” which would be about 1,300 F.”

“In order for a floor to fall, hundreds of joints had to break almost simultaneously on 236 exterior columns and 47 core columns.”

Eagar’s theory, like all other versions of the official account, cannot do justice to the fact that the collapse of the towers was total, resulting in a pile of rubble that, in Eagar’s own words, “was only a few stories high.” Even if one granted that his theory might explain why the floors and outer columns collapsed, it does not explain, argues Peter Meyer, the collapse of the massive steel columns in the core of the buildings:

Jeff King, examining the official account in light of what the videos show, says

‘The biggest and most obvious problem that I see is the source of the enormous amount of very fine dust that we see generated during the collapse… Where does the energy come from to turn all this reinforced concrete into dust?'”

MIT /Scientist/Engineer Dr. Jeff King refutes the official collapse theory as physically impossible:

“Momentum doesn’t just go away without some kind of external force being applied.

Describing one of the WTC towers as “a building that is mostly air” sounds profound but is no more valid than saying that atoms are mostly empty space, and so matter should collapse or implode at any provocation. It is a clever rhetorical flourish that does a great injustice to the structural integrity of these buildings, implying that they were houses of cards waiting to tumble down. In fact they were very rigid and had far more compressional strength than needed to avoid collapse. Each core had 47 steel box columns, all interconnected with steel plates at each floor, and trussed box columns at the corners that can be seen in the picture above supporting construction cranes. The outer “tube” comprised 256 14? square steel box columns tied together with 52? tall steel plates at each floor.

This “tube-in-tube” design, with 110 floors acting as braces that linked the two tubes together, created an extremely strong geometry allowing redistribution of stresses. To think that such a structure would magically disintegrate rather than allow itself to be tipped over is simply bizarre.”
(Dr. Jeff King; December 5, 2002)

Yet two 110-stories fell at free-fall speed, directly into the path of most resistance – the floors beneath them:

“Seismic data from Columbia University puts the North Tower collapse at about 8 seconds and the South Tower at approximately 10…Ten seconds. These are 110-story buildings coming to earth at free-fall speed, the rate at which an object drops through air. The lower floors would need to give way completely as the floors above them fell…A 10-second collapse means the upper floors encountered no resistance from the undamaged floors beneath them.”

“Eric Hufschmid, author of the book Painful Questions, is a metal-cutting software engineer:

‘The floors of the World Trade Center Towers were a 3-dimensional mesh of steel beams. You have to keep in mind now, the floor is about an acre in size. There are thousands of joints all over it. In order for the floor to fall down, thousands of joints would have to break simultaneously. And then if you look at the speed at which this came down – less than ten seconds? You blink your eye and thousands of joints just popped somehow. The only way you can explain that is with explosives. They had to have had explosives placed all over the floors at the primary joints. And then that would explain how all of the joints broke at such a rapid rate. The debris was crashing from one floor to the next. Debris cannot crash through steel and concrete floors as fast as it falls through the air. And there was no slowing. Explosives had to be breaking the joints ahead of the falling rubble, which is why the top half starts off collapsing slowly and then it starts picking up speed.'”

13. Analysis of the collapses by structural engineers, physics professors and other scientists conclusively proves that they were, by scientific necessity, the result of planned demolition:

No matter what a government purports to be true, it is the Laws Of Physics which determine the rate at which a building falls. Had the buildings at the World Trade Center collapsed due to fires from the jetliner impacts, the Laws of Physics demand that they would have done so at one specific rate of speed. If they collapsed due to controlled demolitions, the Laws of Physics demand that they would have collapsed at a specifically different rate of speed. The Law of Conservation of Momentum predicts that if the towers had collapsed due to fires or jetliner damage, then that fall would have taken approximately 45 seconds due to the measurable scientific fact that the falls would have encountered natural resistance as each floor collapsed atop the next. However, the towers collapsed at nearly free-fall speed, taking only 10 seconds to achieve total collapse which would have been a blatant and impossible violation of The Law of Conservation of Momentum had their collapse been due to the fires. A 10-second collapse is in full accord with Galileo’s Law of Falling Bodies determining the rate of collapse of an object for which resistance has been removed. Therefore, that result is only scientifically achievable via controlled demolition which causes the imploding effect that was very evident in the videos and rapidly speeds the process of building collapse (as the steel beams are cut and burned in fractions of a second by strategically placed demolition cutter charges), concrete is powderized in mid-air into dust before it hits the ground (as it was on 9/11), steel support beams literally melt (as they did on 9/11), the building tumbles symmetrically into its own footprint (as they did on 9/11), leaving a measurably larger dust cloud (as was the case on 9/11) and a debris pile that measures many times greater (as was also the case on 9/11) than the amount of dust resulting from collapse due to fires.

“The interesting fact is that each of these 110-story Twin Towers fell upon itself in about ten seconds at nearly free-fall speed. This violates Newton’s Law of Conservation of Momentum that would require that as the stationary inertia of each floor is overcome by being hit, the mass (weight) increases and the free-fall speed decreases.

Even if Newton’s Law is ignored, the prevailing theory would have us believe that each of the Twin Towers inexplicably collapsed upon itself crushing all 287 massive columns on each floor while maintaining a free-fall speed as if the 100,000, or more, tons of supporting structural-steel framework underneath didn’t exist.”
(William Rice, P.E.; 2007)

As Professor Steven Jones notes, the official notion that Building 7 at the WTC collapsed as a result of fire is in violation of the Second Law of Thermodynamics. Buildings collapsing as a result of fire simply topple over – they do not collapse symmetrically into their own footprint.

See 9/11 Revisited at

14. Over 500 professional architects and engineers have put their reputations on the line to publicly demand a real investigation of the collapse of the World Trade Center. Richard Gage is a credentialed architect who is the founder of Architects & Engineers for 9/11 Truth. For a summary of their findings with video analyses, see: and slideshow:


  • “High-rise buildings do not collapse due to fire, even after their fireproofing has performed its usefulness after a couple of hours.”
  • Twin Towers’ destruction exhibited all the characteristics of destruction by explosions:
  • Extremely rapid onset of “collapse”
  • Sounds of explosions and flashes of light witnessed near the beginning of the “collapse” by over 100 first responders
  • “Squibs” (focused explosions) 40 floors below the “collapsing” building seen in all the videos
  • Mid-air pulverization of 90,000 tons of concrete and steel decking, filing cabinets & 1000 people – mostly to dust
  • Massive volume of expanding pyroclastic dust clouds
  • Vertical progression of full building perimeter demolition waves
  • Symmetrical collapse – through the path of greatest resistance – at nearly free-fall speed – the columns gave no resistance
  • 1,400 foot diameter field of equally distributed debris – outside of building footprint
  • Blast waves blew out windows in buildings 400 feet away
  • Lateral ejection of thousands of individual 4 – 20 ton steel beams up to 500 feet
  • Total destruction of the building down to individual structural steel elements – obliterating the steel core structure

• Tons of molten metal found by FDNY and numerous other experts under all 3 high-rises “like lava from a volcano.” Streams of “molten metal which was still red-hot weeks after the event.” “Firemen sprayed water to cool the debris but the heat remained intense enough at the surface to melt their boots.” The fire was not completely extinguished until over 3 months after 9/11.”Molten iron is the product of the incendiary Thermite, a cutter charge which is used in many controlled demolitions. There is no other conceivable source of molten metal found at the base of World Trade Center 7. Hydrocarbon fires burn 1700 degrees maximum. Molten metal, molten iron in this case, and most all molten metals burn- they need 2700 degrees to create them. We’re missing a 1000 degrees of energy, of temperature.”

  • FEMA finds rapid oxidation and intergranular melting on structural steel samples
  • More than 1000 Bodies are unaccounted for – 700 tiny bone fragments found on top of nearby buildings

• Chemical signature of Thermate (high tech incendiary) found in slag, solidified molten metal, and dust samples by Physics Professor Steven Jones, Ph.D.
• Examination of the forensic metallurgy of WTC steel “reveal a phenomenon never before observed in building fires: eutectic reactions, which caused ‘intergranular melting capable of turning a solid steel girder into Swiss cheese.'”
• Building 7 was typical of a classic demolition: “An implosion causing a vertical collapse at free-fall speed into a consolidated rubble pile.” WTC 7 was “straight-down symmetrical into its own footprint.The only thing that can cause this is if all of the perimeter columns, in this case 81 of them, and 24 core columns, are cut at once. In fact, to bring the penthouse down, you have to cut the interior just a fraction of a second prior to the exterior, again which causes the exterior walls to fall, straight down rapidly. In this case, 6.5 seconds.” “The penthouse falling first is a telltale sign of demolition.”

  • There is expert corroboration. The top European controlled demolitions expert confirms that WTC 7 was a controlled demolition. 27-year controlled demolitions expert Danny Jowenko states: “This is controlled demolition…it starts from below.” “They have simply blown away columns…A team of experts did this…This is professional work, without any doubt.”

Once you get to the science, it’s indisputable. At Building 7, a 47-story skyscraper, not hit by an airplane on 9/11, it fell symmetrically, smoothly, at virtually freefall speed, into its own footprint – a perfect controlled demolition. There’s only graphic evidence for 2 or 3 fires in that building; 5th and 12th and maybe 13th floor. The official story tells us that the steel was softened. But if that was the case and this building fell due to fires, the fires, by their nature, creep from place to place leaving one area cool and burning another area. That would force an asymmetrical collapse. The building would tip over. So for the first time in history, fires have done what only a handful of demolition companies are capable of doing.”
-Richard Gage

Fire Protection Engineer Edward Munyak, P.E., Registered Mechanical and Fire Protection Engineer in the State of California currently employed as Fire Protection Engineer for the City of San Jose, California:

“I have collaborated with a research chemical engineer ( P.E. in CA also) and he has worked with NIST reports that positively show that the jet fuel contributed very little to the duration of the fires and that in fact all the fires were very weak in historical perspective. They were oxygen starved as evidenced by the black smoke. If you dig deeper into the NIST reports they confirm that steel temperatures were low.”

“My presentation showed that all three WTC “collapses” have no resemblance to any previous high rise fire, full scale fire tests in the UK involving much higher steel temperatures, or computer simulations using finite element analysis.”

(Edward Munyak, P.E.; 2007)

Scott C. Grainger, S.E., President and Chief Engineer, is a licensed Civil and/or Fire Protection Engineer in the states of Arizona, Colorado, New Mexico, New York, Virginia, California, Nevada and Washington. He is the owner of Grainger Consulting, Inc., a fire protection engineering firm for 23 years. Approximately 50% of his work is forensic. “In addition to my forensic work, a good portion of my work is in the design of structural fireproofing systems.” Regarding 9/11, he wrote:

“All three collapses were very uniform in nature. Natural collapses due to unplanned events are not uniform.”

(Scott Grainger, S.E.; 2008)

Engineer David Scott has also professionally documented and verified the fact that:

“Near-freefall collapse violates laws of physics. Fire induced collapse is not consistent with observed collapse mode”

(David Scott, AMICE, CEng, MIStructE, Degreed and Licensed Engineer; 2008)

Even FEMA Study Team Member and Structural Expert Matthys Levy who co-authored Why Buildings Fall Down concedes:

“If you’ve seen many of the managed demolitions where they implode a building and they cause it to essentially to fall vertically because they cause all of the vertical columns to fail simultaneously, that’s exactly what it looked like and that’s what happened.”

See: WMV video download (524kB)

15. Steven E. Jones, Ph.D. is a former Professor of Physics from Brigham Young University who resigned in order to research the events of 9/11 full-time. Dr. Jones conducted tests of debris samples from Ground Zero and determined the presence of thermate. Thermate, which is actually thermite strengthened with sulfur, is the state-of-the-art choice for building demolitions. Use of thermate also creates a distinct and traceable signature, much like a fingerprint at a crime scene. The scientific analysis of those samples conclusively identified a “Thermate signature” at Ground Zero.

a. Evidence that Twin Towers were brought down through the use of pre-positioned cutter-charges that employed high-tech explosives, not by impact damage and fires.

b. Analysis of the debris samples also determined the presence of significant amounts of manganese, iron and sulfur, which are a scientific fingerprint of the aftermath of the use of Thermate.

c. Use of the extremely hot-burning explosive incendiary Thermate also leaves a “heat signature.” The inability to reduce the temperature of the debris was the result of thermate use and could not have been from fire, which would have quickly cooled. The debris at Ground Zero literally kept burning for weeks, defying extensive attempts to cool its heat. Thermate burns so hot that it will cut and melt steel beams-fire is incapable of doing so. This was evidenced by:

Orange-to-red-hot pieces of molten metal were visible in the debris.

Infrared satellite photos taken weeks after the collapses still reveal hotspots in excess of 1000 degrees Fahrenheit.

Six weeks after collapse, Ground Zero debris was still hot enough to literally melt the boots of workers after short exposure to its heat. (Note: From video clip with Silverstein and DeMartini; cite below)

d. The sulfidation of the steel at Ground Zero is another characteristic that is concomitant with the use of thermate.

e. Evidence of molten metal; flowing and in pools

f. Observed Temperatures of approximately 1000ºC

g. The symmetric collapse of each building is also distinctively compatible with controlled demolition.

h. Concludes that the scientific evidence clearly refutes the official positions of FEMA, NIST, and 9-11 Commission reports that fires plus impact damage alone caused complete collapses of all three buildings.

Also see the scientific documentation of Kevin Ryan:
The Top Ten Connections Between NIST and Nano-Thermites, July 2008
More Evidence for Energetic Materials, May 2008
High Velocity Bursts of Debris From Point-Like Sources in the WTC Towers, July 2007 (pdf)
Also see:


Watch Improbable Collapse:

16. Kevin Ryan, BS Chem, is a Certified Quality Engineer and scholar whose application of solid scientific methods to the study of 9/11 has resulted in an explosive indictment of the official version of events. Analysis of data obtained from the EPA by Chemist Kevin Ryan and other scientists has determined the presence of extreme environmental anomalies at Ground Zero. These anomalies are detailed by the three scientists in a paper accepted and published in a peer-reviewed science journal.


  • Conditions inconsistent with typical building fires but consistent with conditions after buildings are destroyed by controlled demolition, including the use of Thermite/Thermate (state-of-the-art explosives used in building demolition) and concomitant materials and conditions consistent with a Thermite fingerprint.
  • Large pools of molten metal were observed in the basement areas of both towers and Building 7. Evidence of molten metal and explosions accompanied by white dust clouds are products of the Thermite reaction.
  • Extremely high temperatures in the fires at the WTC which are indicative of Thermate/Thermite explosions that burn markedly hotter than typical fires.
  • The fireproofing in the buildings had been updated prior to 9/11 and was more than sufficient to contain fires much larger than those present.
  • Extremely high levels of volatile organic chemicals as well as unusual species never before seen in structure fires.
  • Very atypical debris. For months after the destruction at the World Trade Center (WTC) on 11th September, 2001, the fires at Ground Zero could not be put out, despite the following facts:
  • Several inches of dust covered the entire area after the

destruction of the WTC buildings.

  • Millions of gallons of water were sprayed onto the

debris pile.

  • Several rainfall events occurred at GZ, some heavy;
  • A chemical fire suppressant called Pyrocool was

pumped into the piles (Lipton and Revkin 2001).”The characteristics of these un-extinguishable fires have
not been adequately explained as the results of a normal
structure fire, even one accelerated by jet fuel. Conversely,
such fires are better explained given the presence of
chemical energetic materials, which provide their own fuel
and oxidant and are not deterred by water, dust, or chemical suppressants.” (Kevin R. Ryan Æ & James R. Gourley Æ & Steven E. Jones; 2008)
See the scientific documentation by Kevin Ryan: Extremely High Temperatures During the World Trade Center Destruction, January 2008
Environmental Anomalies at the World Trade Center: Evidence for Energetic Materials, August 2008
More Evidence for Energetic Materials, May 2008
Kevin Ryan was the Manager of Environmental Health Laboratories, a division of Underwriters Laboratories. After publicly questioning the inconsistencies he identified in the official government report on the causes of the building collapses at the World Trade Center, Kevin Ryan was promptly fired as Manager. (Legal Defense Fund For Kevin Ryan:

Excerpts from Ryan’s letter (UL is Underwriters Laboratories, the company that certified the steel components used in the construction of the World Trade Center):

? Testing by UL determined “that the buildings should have easily withstood the thermal stress caused by pools of burning jet fuel.”

? “We know that the steel components were certified to ASTM E119. The time temperature curves for this standard require the samples to be exposed to temperatures around 2000F for several hours. And as we all agree, the steel applied met those specifications. Additionally, I think we can all agree that even un-fireproofed steel will not melt until reaching red-hot temperatures of nearly 3000F.”

? “The results of your recently published metallurgical tests seem to clear things up, and support your team’s August 2003 update as detailed by the Associated Press, in which you were ready to ‘rule out weak steel as a contributing factor in the collapse.’ The evaluation of paint deformation and spheroidization seem very straightforward, and you noted that the samples available were adequate for the investigation. Your comments suggest that the steel was probably exposed to temperatures of only about 500F (250C), which is what one might expect from a thermodynamic analysis of the situation.

However the summary of the new NIST report seems to ignore your findings, as it suggests that these low temperatures caused exposed bits of the building’s steel core to ‘soften and buckle.’ Additionally this summary states that the perimeter columns softened, yet your findings make clear that ‘most perimeter panels (157 of 160) saw no temperature above 250C.’ To soften steel for the purposes of forging, normally temperatures need to be above 1100C. However, this new summary report suggests that much lower temperatures would be able to not only soften the steel in a matter of minutes, but lead to rapid structural collapse.”

? “This story just does not add up. If steel from those buildings did soften or melt, I’m sure we can all agree that this was certainly not due to jet fuel fires of any kind, let alone the briefly burning fires in those towers.”

Test models of the WTC steel were tested by UL and those test models did not fail at temperatures much higher than those from the fires of 9/11. Ryan concluded:

  • The temperatures were far too low to soften the steel.
  • The floors could not have collapsed from the impact and fires.
  • Up-to-date fireproofing had recently been installed in the Twin Towers:

“After the 1993 bombing, the fireproofing in both buildings was updated considerably.”

  • The impact from a Boeing 767 could not have widely dislodged the fireproofing under any impact, let alone dislodge the fireproofing so far away from the point of impact.

Watch Improbable Collapse:

17. In another peer-reviewed study, it was determined that seismic activity clearly identified explosions separate from the jetliner impacts:

“On September 11, 2001, the seismic stations grouped around New York City recorded seismic events from the WTC site, two of which occurred immediately prior to the aircraft impacts upon the Twin Towers. Because these seismic events preceded the collisions, it is clear they were not associated with the impacts and must therefore be associated with some other occurrence. None of the authorities charged with the responsibility for the investigation of the events of 9/11 have proposed a source for these seismic events, nor have they given a valid reason for the difference in times between the seismic events and the aircraft impacts. Only by consideration of the evidence of
basement explosions before the aircraft impacts, as experienced by William Rodriquez and 36 others, can an explanation be found for the fact that the seismic stations recorded seismic events originating from the WTC sites prior to the aircraft impacts.”

“This is neither theory nor hypothesis, but a statement of publicized facts regarding the timing of the aircraft impacts. There exist two separate precision data time sets that address when the aircraft crashed into the Towers. Both data time sets are based on UTC (Coordinated Universal Time, the world’s atomic clock system) and the sources that determined these times were prestigious, reliable and credible. There is no question regarding the precision and accuracy of the instruments used to record both data time sets, since their entire function depends and relies upon temporal accuracy, and therefore there can be no doubt that both data time sets are correct. The time data sets represent objective scientific data recorded by two separate, independent entities. The problem is the data sets have different impact times.”


“Because these signals preceded the impacts there can be no doubt that the seismic signals recorded were not those associated with the aircraft impacts on the Towers. These signals were in fact the seismic spikes associated with the huge basement explosions reported by witnesses.” (Furlong & Ross; 2006)

18. MIT Scientist/Engineer Dr. Jeff King’s scientific study analyzing the WTC Collapse Forensics also determined that:

a. The black smoke in each building signified slow-burning inefficient fires in an oxygen-deprived environment.

b. The 47 Core Columns were hermetically sealed and absent of fuel for the fires. They were intentionally sealed to limit oxygen, prevent “chimney effect” and seal off to stop a fire.

c. The small puffs of smoke emanating from the sides of the buildings as they collapsed were signs of controlled demolition.

d. The immediate formations of large dust clouds as collapse initiated were distinctively compatible with demolition and were not compatible with collapse due to fires.

e. Concrete and other building materials were literally reduced to powder before hitting the ground, which is consistent only with demolition. If a building collapses due to fire or other hazards, concrete and other heavy materials are not reduced to powder.

f. It is noteworthy that there were reports of underground explosions in both towers.

g. Extensive damage visible in the lobby of the building prior to the initiation of collapse is further evidence of controlled demolition.

h. There are clear signs that explosives were used and that is, in fact, the only plausible explanation from the standpoint of the collapse forensics.

19. The Biggest Smoking Gun: Collapse Of Building 7

World Trade Center 7 was a 47-story steel-reinforced skyscraper about 400 feet away from the Twin Towers. No plane crashed into WTC 7 on 9/11. Yet, at 5:21 p.m. on 9/11, the 47-story building collapsed at near free-fall speed in precisely the fashion of a controlled demolition.

There was extensive on-scene prior knowledge that Building 7 was about to collapse including video/audio footage of emergency workers voicing that it was about to be brought down. For clear and incontrovertible evidence of foreknowledge of the collapse:

On the following video a firefighter on-scene can be clearly heard saying:

“There’s a bomb in the building, start clearing out.”

The firefighter repeats:

There’s a bomb in the building, start clearing out,”

He is followed by other firefighters saying:

“There’s a report of a secondary device in the area,” and “We got a secondary device in the building,” and “Report of a secondary…”

Other reports also confirm the evacuation:


“I walked out and I got to Vesey and West, where I reported to Frank. He said, ‘We’re moving the command post over this way, that building’s coming down.'”


“We had cleared an enormous collapse zone for that, and it still wasn’t big enough. When the thing came down, the rubble and the dust came across the West Side Highway, over and past the rubble from the towers that was there.”

Indira Singh was an on-scene EMT who reported that she was pre-warned about the collapse of Building 7 and that the context was clear that it was being deliberately demolished:

“What happened with that particular triage site is that pretty soon after noon, after midday on 9/11, we had to evacuate that because they told us Building 7 was coming down…I do believe that they brought Building 7 down because I heard that they were going to bring it down because it was unstable, because of the collateral damage…By noon or one o’clock they told us we had to move from that triage site up to Pace University, a little further away, because Building 7 was gonna come down or being brought down…There was another panic around four o’clock because they were bringing the building down and people seemed to know this ahead of time, so people were panicking again and running.”

Question to E.M.T. Singh:
“Did they actually use the words ‘brought down,’ and who was it that was telling you this?”

E.M.T. Singh:
“The Fire Department, the Fire Department, and they did use the word(s), ‘we’re gonna have to bring it down.'”

(KPFA Berkeley, 4/27/2005, Guns and Butter with Bonnie Faulkner)

Officer Craig Bartmer also describes its neat and symmetrical imploding collapse:
“And all of a sudden the radios exploded and everyone started screaming ‘Get away, get away, get away from it!’… It was at that moment… I looked up, and it was nothing I would ever imagine seeing in my life. The thing started pealing in on itself…”
Officer Bartmer strongly discounts there being any major damage to Building 7 prior to the series of explosions that he says brought it down:
“I walked around it. I saw a hole. I didn’t see a hole bad enough to knock a building down, though. Yeah there was definitely fire in the building, but I didn’t hear any… I didn’t hear any creaking, or… I didn’t hear any indication that it was going to come down. ”
“Yeah it had some damage to it, but nothing like what they’re saying… Nothing to account for what we saw… I am shocked at the story we’ve heard about it to be quite honest.”
(Paul Joseph Watson, Prison Planet; February 10, 2007)


The fires in WTC 7 were apparently the result of strewn debris from the Twin Towers. They were isolated fires and reportedly the sprinkler system, had it been working, should have extinguished them.

WTC 7 was a steel-reinforced building designed to withstand extreme stress without threatening structural integrity. No steel-reinforced structure, anywhere in the world, ever collapsed due to fire prior to 9/11.

a. Since steel only melts at temperatures above 2700 degrees and building fires can only reach a maximum of 1700 degrees, the fires in WTC 7 clearly never reached temperatures high enough to threaten the structural integrity of the building.

b. A dip in the roof line of the building as collapse initiates is clearly visible in the videos of Building 7 on 9/11. A dip in roof line is a trademark of controlled demolition.

c. “Squibs” (small puffs of smokes that are emitted out the sides of a building as the result of demolition charges at points immediately prior to floor collapse) are also clearly visible in the videos. The smoke puffs from the squibs occur progressively downward after collapse initiates in precisely the textbook method of controlled demolitions.

d. On August 22, 2008 in The New York Times concerning the official report of the National Institute of Standards and Technology it was acknowledged that:

“The fires were not hot enough to cause steel to lose strength…”

It was also acknowledged that, although some debris from the collapsed towers may have traveled the 400 feet to Building 7, it could not possibly have been responsible for the collapse of Building 7:

“But the structural damage from the falling debris was not significant enough to threaten the tower’s stability, Dr. Sunder said.”

The article also substantiates the historical fact that:

“During the last four decades, other towers in New York, Philadelphia and Los Angeles have remained standing through catastrophic blazes that burned out of control for hours because of malfunctioning or nonexistent sprinkler systems. But 7 World Trade Center, which was not struck by a plane, is the first skyscraper in modern times to collapse primarily as a result of a fire. Adding to the suspicion is the fact that in the rush to clean up the site, almost all of the steel remains of the tower were disposed of, leaving investigators in later years with little forensic evidence.”

Warnings were given that Building 7 was about to collapse:

Q. “Were you there when building 7 came down in the afternoon?”

A. “Yes.”

Q. “You were still there?”

A. “Yes, so basically they measured out how far the building was going to come, so we knew exactly where we could stand.”

Q. “So they just put you in a safe area, safe enough for when that building came down?”

A. “5 blocks. 5 blocks away. We still could see. Exactly right on point, the cloud stopped right there.”
(Verbatim from his interview in FDNY Oral Histories)

“We heard a ‘Mayday’ for everybody to get out of the building – no, I’m sorry, an ‘urgent’, three ‘urgents’, and we came out of the building…We were then positioned on Vesey Street between North End and the West Side Highway because there was an imminent collapse on 7 World Trade…”
Extensive foreknowledge is detailed in Waiting for Seven: WTC 7 Collapse Warnings in the FDNY Oral Histories by Graeme MacQueen, Ph.D. See:
LARRY SILVERSTEIN, LEASEHOLDER OF THE WTC, told PBS in a videotaped recording that the building was “pulled”-construction terminology for controlled demolition (INSERT FROM EMAIL: By his own admission, Silverstein concedes that he had the building pulled. :

“I remember getting a call from the Fire Department Commander telling me that they were not sure they were gonna be able to contain the fire. I said ‘You know we’ve had such terrible loss of life. Maybe the smartest thing to do is, is pull it.’ And they made that decision to pull. And then we watched the building collapse.”

U.S. Senator John Kerry has acknowledged in a videotaped discussion that controlled demolition took place on 9/11:

“John Kerry: WTC Building 7 Was a Controlled Demolition

2004 Presidential Candidate Says Weakened Building Was Brought Down Based on Danger Posed to Surroundings

Senator John Kerry was questioned concerning 9/11 during an appearance at Book People in Austin, Texas, filmed by Aaron Dooley. Kerry was asked about the officially unexplained collapse of WTC Building 7.”
Kerry responded:
“I do know that that wall, I remember, was in danger and I think they made the decision based on the danger that it had in destroying other things- that they did it in a controlled fashion.” (Aaron Dykes; JonesReport; 2007)
In a glaring omission, the 9/11 Commission Report made no mention whatsoever of the collapse of Building 7.

Eyewitness Tris McCall observed the collapse from a high and clear vantage point:

“Just before the fall of the North Tower, we saw a large explosion coming from the street-level area around World Trade Center 7. I remember thinking that it looked distinctly like a bomb had been detonated underneath the city, and, of course, that’s exactly what I thought had occurred.

I went back into the living room to see if anything had been reported on the news about WTC7. Consequently, I missed the start of the fall of the North Tower, but that’s not what I’m getting at here. At no point that morning did CNN or MSNBC have anything to say about the detonation I’d witnessed, and to this day, I still haven’t heard any discussion of the undeniable event that took place either beneath or at Vesey Street during the half-hour interim between the collapse of the Towers. After the fall of the North Tower, I watched WTC7 from across the river. It didn’t seem to be smoking, but then again, my vantage obscured its south side. At about a quarter after four, the news did in fact report that World Trade Center 7 was burning. I was relieved to hear somebody acknowledge that the building existed, and I expected to hear some kind of report about the explosion I saw.

None ever came. Instead, the fires at WTC7 were blamed on falling debris from the North Tower. This sounds logical until you actually start to think about it. In order for the (mostly) cold detritus of the North Tower to start a blaze in Building Seven, it would have to clear both Vesey Street and the very substantial WTC6 and break down the front wall. Well, okay, maybe that’s not impossible. But if it had happened that way, you couldn’t have predicted what came next.

At 5:20 P.M., WTC7 collapsed. I watched it happen from across the river, and no revisionism is going to screw with my recollection here – the building came down straight and flat, as if supports beneath it had been cut. I’m no physics student, but you don’t have to be one to realize that a burning building would never have fallen that way. Fires just don’t burn symmetrically. South side fires, caused by contact with burning material from the North Tower, would have prompted a collapse across Vesey Street, in the direction of Ground Zero. Bear in mind, again, that this was a major skyscraper – more than forty floors. For WTC7 to have pancaked as it did, it would have had to have been experiencing structural weakness at all sides.

The unnerving media silence about Building Seven was later broken by a tentative explanation that, again, makes no sense. According to FEMA, huge tanks of diesel fuel stored in the basement may have caught fire, substantially weakening the steel. (This official story, by the way, is mostly guesswork – there’s no proof at all that the diesel fuel was in any way involved). Although they knew of the existence of the diesel fuel, firefighters opted against entering WTC7 and putting out the blaze. Strange, huh? Remember, the North Tower collapsed at 10:30. The city had seven hours to react to the fires that had, ostensibly, been caused by its fall. It’s worth remembering that no steel-framed building has ever collapsed due to fire, diesel or otherwise.

I don’t know what happened at WTC7, but everything I witnessed suggests strongly that the official line is dead wrong. No plane slammed into the skyscraper, and when it fell, it fell exactly as it would have if it had been demolished by contractors. The debris fell in a straight cone, directly onto the foundation of the building. Media silence about the collapse has been frightening in its totality; WTC7 is almost never discussed, and on the few occasions when it is, the FEMA line has been repeated more or less unquestioned. More bothersome to me is that the strange explosion I saw coming from Building Seven between the Tower collapses has never, to my knowledge, even been acknowledged by the city or the government.

I’m not the sort of person who kicks at the teeth of the official story; for the most part, that’s a thankless task. But sometimes, the official story is so obviously incorrect that it absolutely needs to be challenged. That almost nobody has stood up to make that challenge continues to mystify me.”

20. How could Mayor Giuliani have been told in advance (as he has publicly conceded) that the buildings were going to collapse?

“Giuliani stated in an ABC News interview that he was given warning of a collapse well in advance of the actual event.”

“We were told that the World Trade Center was gonna collapse.”

“I went down to the scene and we set up a headquarters at 75 Barkley Street, which was right there with the Police Commissioner, the Fire Commissioner, the Head of Emergency Management, and we were operating out of there when we were told that the World Trade Center was gonna collapse. And it did collapse before we could actually get out of the building, so we were trapped in the building for 10, 15 minutes, and finally found an exit, got out, walked north, and took a lot of people with us.”

You can listen to Mayor Giuliani’s exact words at:

All the prima facie evidence demanded precisely the contrary conclusion because all on-scene evidence was exactly the opposite:

a. It had literally never happened before in history. No similar steel-reinforced structure had ever experienced total collapse due to fire- ever- anywhere.

b. F.D.N.Y. was reporting that the fires were in the process of being controlled.

c. It was on-scene knowledge that the buildings had been designed to withstand the impact of a crashing jumbo jet and even crashes of several jumbo jets.

Therefore, how could Mayor Giuliani possibly have known that the buildings were going to collapse unless he had been informed of a planned demolition?

21. In a journalistic error of epic proportions and displaying clear evidence of advance knowledge, both CNN and BBC erroneously reported that WTC Building 7 had collapsed – well prior to the actual collapse of the building. In mindboggling video reports, their reporters can be seen describing the collapse of a 47-story building which was still standing and clearly visible behind them on a live feed as they spoke.

CNN reports of its collapse began 1 hour and 10 minutes premature to the onset of building collapse. The BBC reported the event (that had not yet happened) 23 minutes in advance of reality.

How could such an astounding anomaly occur? Who told them that it had collapsed and how could anyone have had advance knowledge that it would collapse unless it was a controlled demolition?

Watch and Wonder – How Did They Know?:

The following version even points out the building in question – all 47 stories of it – as its collapse is being described:
“The BBC continued to announce that WTC 7 had collapsed, even when the building could be seen standing directly behind reporter Jane Standley, for about 17 minutes until the story was pulled abruptly.
When CNN personnel realized they had made an error in their early announcement, they could simply have corrected it. They could, at the very least, have withdrawn their attention from WTC 7 and stopped covering it since it was obviously still standing. Instead, CNN continued to keep WTC 7 in the forefront of its coverage over the hour and ten minutes preceding its collapse, repeatedly warning that it was going to come down and keeping the image of the building in front of the viewer until it had actually collapsed.” (Public Comments on WTC 7 Draft Reports; September 15, 2008; James R. Gourley, Esq., Chemical Engineer, International Center for 9/11 Studies, Tony Szamboti, Mechanical Engineer, Architects & Engineers for 9/11 Truth, Richard Gage, AIA Architect, Architects & Engineers for 9/11 Truth, Graeme MacQueen, Ph.D., Scholars for 9/11 Truth & Justice, Dr. Steven Jones, Ph.D. Physicist, S&J Scientific Co., Kevin Ryan, Chemist, Scholars for 9/11 Truth & Justice, Dr. Niels Harrit, Ph.D. Chemistry, University of Copenhagen, Ron Brookman, Structural Engineer, Architects & Engineers for 9/11 Truth, Chris Sarns, Architects & Engineers for 9/11 Truth, Kamal Obeid, SE PE, Structural Engineer, Architects & Engineers for 9/11 Truth, Scott Grainger, PE, Forensic Engineer, Civil Engineer, Architects & Engineers for 9/11 Truth, Frank Legge, Logistical Systems Consulting, Bob Fischer, Architects & Engineers for 9/11 Truth, Justin Keogh, Architects & Engineers for 9/11 Truth, David Chandler, Architects & Engineers for 9/11 Truth and Gregg Roberts; )
Also see: and

22. Norm Mineta, U.S. Secretary of Transportation, 2001-2006, was present in the White House Presidential Emergency Operations Center on the morning of 9/11 and testified under oath to the 9/11 Commission regarding Vice President Cheney’s awareness of the hijacked flights well prior to the time at which that awareness has been officially acknowledged (the portion of Mr. Mineta’s testimony which reveals that prior awareness has been edited out of the official 9/11 video archives, at approximately the first 15 minutes of his testimony, Panel 1, Friday, May 23, 2003). Mineta has confirmed that he arrived at the PEOC bunker at 9:25 a.m. and that “absolutely” Vice-President Cheney, as well as Lynn Cheney and a number of staff were already there. Yet the official report of the 9/11 Commission states that Vice-President Cheney did not arrive at the bunker until 9:58; after the Pentagon had been struck.

Transportation Secretary Mineta further testified that while at the Emergency Operations Center on the morning of 9/11, a military liaison kept coming to the table with regular updates on the location of the hijacked plane headed for the Pentagon:

“During the time that the airplane was coming into the Pentagon, there was a young man who would come in and say to the Vice-President: “The plane is 50 miles out. The plane is 30 miles out.” And when he got down to: “The plane is 10 miles out,” the young man also said to the Vice-President: “Do the orders still stand?” And the Vice-President turned and whipped his neck around and said: “Of course the orders still stand. Have you heard anything to the contrary?”

23. Louis Freeh, Director of the FBI, 1993-2001, has cited the dramatic failure of the 9/11 Commission to approach key issues, specifically the “Able Danger” Intelligence Program and states:

“The Able Danger intelligence, if confirmed, is undoubtedly the most relevant fact of the entire post-9/11 inquiry. Even the most junior investigator would immediately know that the name and photo ID of Atta in 2000 is precisely the kind of tactical intelligence the FBI has many times employed to prevent attacks and arrest terrorists. Yet the 9/11 Commission inexplicably concluded that it ‘was not historically significant.’ This astounding conclusion – in combination with the failure to investigate Able Danger and incorporate it into its findings – raises serious challenges to the commission’s credibility and, if the facts prove out, might just render the commission historically insignificant itself.”

“Such a half-baked conclusion, drawn in only 10 days without any real investigation, simply ignores what looks like substantial direct evidence to the contrary coming from our own trained military intelligence officers.

No wonder the 9/11 families were outraged by these revelations and called for a ‘new’ commission to investigate.”

“The Joint Intelligence Committees should reconvene and, in addition to Able Danger team members, we should have the 9/11 commissioners appear as witnesses so the families can hear their explanation why ‘this doesn’t matter’.”

24. The EPA clearly lied to the residents of New York City and recklessly threatened their health when it maintained, from September 13, 2001 onward, that the air was safe to breathe.


“I am glad to reassure the people of New York and Washington, D.C. that their air is safe to breathe and their water is safe to drink…”

In reality, studies by the WTC Environmental Organization determined that:

“The alkalinity of the air was equivalent to that of Drano.”

“Over half of the heroes who cleaned Ground Zero are already manifesting serious respiratory problems.”

25. A poll in 2006 revealed that:

66% of New Yorkers want the 9/11 investigation reopened and over 49% believe that some in our government had advance knowledge of the 9/11 attacks and let it happen.

26. Over 140 Senior Military, Intelligence, Law Enforcement and Government officials have gone on-record questioning the official version of events of 9/11, including highly informed individuals such as:

Chairman, Senate Intelligence Committee and Co-Chairman, Joint House-Senate Select Committee on Intelligence until 2004 (Sen. Bob Graham)

Vice-Chairman, House Homeland Security Committee and Vice-Chairman, House Armed Services Committee until 2007 (Rep. Curt Weldon)

Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for Intelligence and Warning under Presidents Nixon, Ford and Carter

Deputy Director of the White House Task Force on Terrorism under President Reagan

Chairman of National Intelligence Estimates for the CIA in charge of preparing the President’s Daily Briefing for Presidents Reagan and George H.W. Bush.

27. Over 500 engineers and architects have gone on-record questioning the official version of events of 9/11.

28. Over 270 professors have gone on-record questioning the official version of events of 9/11.

29. Among those calling for a new investigation into the events of 9/11 are:

U.S. Rep. Dennis Kucinich U.S Rep. Ron Paul
Former U.S. Senator Max Cleland Former U.S. Senator Bob Graham
Former U.S. Senator Mike Gravel Former U.S. Senator Lincoln Chafee
Former U.S. Senator Mark Dayton Former U.S. Rep. Cynthia McKinney
Former U.S. Rep. Curt Weldon Former U.S. Rep. Dan Hamburg
Former FBI Director Louis Freeh General Wesley Clark, U.S. Army (ret)

Dr. Robert M. Bowman oversaw development of the Star Wars Program in the 1970s as Director of Advanced Space Programs for the U.S. Department of Defense under Presidents Ford and Carter. He was also a U.S. Air Force Lt. Colonel who flew 101 combat missions in Vietnam. He holds a Ph.D. in Aeronautics and Nuclear Engineering from the California Institute of Technology and has taught mathematics at the college level. He is a member of Scholars for 9/11 Truth and has concluded:

“A lot of these pieces of information, taken together, prove that the official story of 9/11 is a bunch of hogwash. It’s impossible.”

30. U.S. Senator Max Cleland was an original member of the 9/11 Commission and resigned, calling it a whitewash comparable to the Warren Commission:

“I’m not going to be part of that. This is serious.”

“Let’s chase this rabbit into the ground here. They had a plan to go to war and when 9/11 happened that’s what they did; they went to war.”

“It is a national scandal.”

Congressman Curt Weldon:

“There’s a cover-up here. It’s clear and unequivocal.”


1. City in the Sky: The Rise and Fall of the World Trade Center; James Glanz & Eric Lipton; 2003.

The building specifications of the World Trade Center were considered state-of-the-art by the industry and far exceeding code requirements. Scientific American, October issue, 2001, states flatly:

“They just don’t build them as tough as the World Trade Center.”

“The World Trade Center towers included many structural engineering innovations in skyscraper design and construction, which allowed the buildings to reach new heights and become the tallest in the world. Traditionally, skyscrapers used a skeleton of columns distributed throughout the interior to support building loads, with interior columns disrupting the floor space. The tube-frame concept was a major innovation, allowing open floor plans and more space to rent. The buildings used high-strength, load-bearing perimeter steel columns called Vierendeel trusses that were spaced closely together to form a strong, rigid wall structure. There were 59 perimeter columns, narrowly spaced, on each side of the buildings. These were designed to provide support for virtually all lateral loads (such as wind loads) and to share the gravity loads with the core columns.” National Construction Safety Team (September 2005). “Chapter 1?, Final Report on the Collapse of the World Trade Center Towers (PDF), NIST, p. 6.

Richard Gage, Architects & Engineers for 9/11 Truth;

Also see: ; Jimmy Walter; and Confronting The Evidence at:
; Jimmy Walter.

Francis Albert (Frank) De Martini was a true 9/11 hero in addition to being an architect and the WTC Construction Manager. He was working in his office on the 88th floor of the North Tower when it was struck on 9/11. He died when the building collapsed – but not before helping over 50 other people escape safely:

The structural analysis conducted by Worthington, Skilling, Helle & Jackson also determined that:

“Because of its configuration, which is essentially that of a steel beam 209? deep, the towers are actually far less daring structurally than a conventional building such as the Empire State Building where the spine or braced area of the building is far smaller in relation to its height.

The building as designed is sixteen times stiffer than a conventional structure. The design concept is so sound that the structural engineer has been able to be ultra-conservative in his design without adversely affecting the economics of the structure”
(City in the Sky: The Rise and Fall of the World Trade Center; James Glanz & Eric Lipton; 2003)

The above determination was the conclusion of an extensive study, as confirmed by the architectural firm Emery Roth & Sons:

“The structural analysis carried out by the firm of Worthington, Skilling, Helle & Jackson is the most complete and detailed of any ever made for any building structure. The preliminary calculations alone cover 1,200 pages and involved over 100 detailed drawings.”

9/11 – A Closer Look; Kevin Ryan, March 14, 2006:

Engineering News Record, April 2, 1964

2. 911 Mysteries Part 1 – Demolition:

Improbable Collapse; Michael Berger, Rebecca Cerese & John Gannon; 2006;

Fire Engineering Magazine determined that no large steel-reinforced building has ever collapsed as a result of fire. Fire Engineering also concluded that the investigation of 9/11 was “a half-baked farce that may already have been commandeered by political forces whose primary interests, to put it mildly, lie far afield of full disclosure.” See $elling Out The Investigation; Bill Manning, Editor-in-Chief, Fire Engineering;

The Cardington Fire Tests, a series of large-scale fire tests conducted in steel-framed buildings in 2000 by the University of Sheffield Fire Engineering Research Program, determined that:

“A steel building survived fires in experiments with extreme temperatures beyond the range possible with jet fuel.”

(University of Edinburgh, 2005; Building Research Establishment, Centre for Fire Safety Engineering)

At Jimmy Walter, and Confronting The Evidence at ; Jimmy Walter.

Also see: Fire Safety Engineering & the Performance of Structural Steel in Fires;

Richard Gage, Architects & Engineers for 9/11 Truth;

Loose Change 2nd Edition Recut: Dylan Avery, Korey Rowe, and Jason Bermas at

3. See 9/11 Revisited:
Also see Dr. King’s website:

4. The temperature at which steel begins to melt is 1510 degrees Celsius or 2750 degrees Fahrenheit. That temperature or higher must then be maintained for hours before steel beams become molten steel.

“Jet fuel is a hydrocarbon which can maintain a constant temperature of 1120 degrees Celsius after 40 minutes but only if the fuel source is maintained. The fuel would have burned off immediately upon impact, therefore it is scientifically impossible that 12 tons of steel and titanium was vaporized by jet fuel.” (Loose Change Recut; Dylan Avery, Korey Rowe, and Jason Bermas; Referential to the fact that burning jet fuel will not even melt a jetliner, let alone a skyscraper) Titanium (a major component in jetliners) does not melt until temperatures reach 1688 degrees Celsius. Accessible online at:

The black smoke emanating from the buildings was a clear indication that the fires were oxygen-starved and that they could not possibly have reached the maximum temperature of burning jet fuel. The highest temperature of burning jet fuel is at least 700 degrees Fahrenheit shy from the temperature at which steel even begins to melt. See:;feature=related Jimmy Walter, and Confronting The Evidence at: also from Jimmy

World Trade Center Building Performance Study; Hamburger, Baker, Barnett, Marion, Milke & Nelson; May 2002; in Federal Emergency Management Agency Report 403, Chapter 2, pages 2-22.

9/11 – A Closer Look; Kevin Ryan, March 14, 2006:

911 Mysteries Part 1 – Demolition:

Richard Gage, Architects & Engineers for 9/11 Truth;

Why Did the World Trade Center Collapse? Science, Engineering, and Speculation;
Thomas W. Eagar and Christopher Musso, JOM, 53 (12) 2001: The Minerals,
Metals & Materials Society

Also see:
J. McMichael; Muslims Suspend Laws of Physics:

5. The 9/11 WTC Fires: Where’s The Inferno?:

The Complete Firefighters’ WTC tape from 9/11:

See: 911 Mysteries Part 1 – Demolition:

Richard Gage, Architects & Engineers for 9/11 Truth;

6. There are 3 witnesses to the statement from F.D.N.Y. Chief of Department Peter Ganci, who was also killed in action on the morning of 9/11. All 3 witnesses were on-scene at the time and all 3 substantiate the statement, separately from the others, in virtually the same words and meaning. Accessible at:

7. A BBC report attempted to minimize Jennings’ comments by noting that he never actually said that he had actually seen the dead bodies. Jennings maintained he was certain about the dead bodies in the lobby of Building 7. The cause of Jennings’ death has not yet been explained:

“That interview was not released until June 2008 at the request of Mr. Jennings, who had received numerous threats to his job and asked that it to be left out of Loose Change: Final Cut because of those threats. Jennings statements have lit fire to questions about what really caused the sudden collapse of WTC7 just as NIST had hoped the release of their report would quash widespread beliefs that the building was brought down by controlled demolition. News of Jennings’ death comes on the heels of losing another 9/11 hero and eyewitness- Kenny Johannemann, who reportedly committed suicide 12 days before the seventh anniversary of 9/11. Johannemann is credited with saving at least one man’s life on 9/11 and was also a witness to explosions in the towers. NIST’s report, as well as that of the 9/11 Commission (which did not even mention WTC7), completely ignored statements from the building leaseholder Larry Silverstein as well as numerous police, fire fighters and other eyewitnesses who have testified that they were warned about the building’s collapse and told to get back. One rescue worker even heard a countdown for the building’s implosion.

Unfortunately, Barry Jennings, whose testimony was ignored by the 9/11 Commission, can no longer raise questions personally about his experience inside WTC7, but his account will remain on the record and available in-full on the Fabled Enemies DVD so that what he witnessed about 9/11 cannot be ignored.” Aaron Dykes, InfoWars, September 16, 2008; Key Witness to WTC 7 Explosions Dead at 53. Accessible at:
Interview from: Fabled Enemies, Jason Bermas, 2008. Accessible at:
8. Ground Zero EMT: We Were Told Building 7 Was to Be “Pulled”; Paul Joseph Watson; February 8, 2007; Prison Planet. Accessible at:

Shocking New Revelations On 9/11 Ground Zero Cover-Up
First responder heard WTC 7 demolition countdown, was warned to “shut up” when he reported secondary explosions; Paul Joseph Watson Prison Planet; September 28, 2007:

9. Graeme MacQueen; 118 Witnesses: The Firefighters’ Testimony to Explosions in the Twin Towers at: and video accessible at:
10. Jimmy Walter; Confronting The Evidence;

Graeme MacQueen; 118 Witnesses: The Firefighters’ Testimony to Explosions in the Twin Towers at: and video accessible at:

9/11 – A Closer Look; Kevin Ryan, March 14, 2006:

Improbable Collapse; Michael Berger, Rebecca Cerese & John Gannon; 2006;

The New Pearl Harbor: Disturbing Questions About the Bush Administration and 9/11; Professor David Ray Griffin, Ph.D.; 2004, Interlink.

See Dr. Jeff King’s site:
Dr. King’s presentation can also be viewed on the following video clip (beginning at time mark 39:35):

The demolition squibs are also identified in:
Loose Change 2nd Edition Recut: Dylan Avery, Korey Rowe, and Jason Bermas at

“9-11”; Gedeon Naudet & Jules Naudet.

11. See 118 Witnesses: The Firefighters’ Testimony to Explosions in the Twin Towers at: and video accessible at:

Improbable Collapse; Michael Berger, Rebecca Cerese & John Gannon; 2006;

The New Pearl Harbor: Disturbing Questions About the Bush Administration and 9/11; Professor David Ray Griffin, Ph.D.; 2004, Interlink. \>”>

Craig Carlsen, Firefighter, January 25, 2002, Oral Histories From September 11; See:

Officer Craig Bartmer:
Firefighter Louie Cacchioli stated:
“My story was never mentioned in the final report and I felt like I was being put on trial in a court room. I finally walked out. They were trying to twist my words and make the story fit only what they wanted to hear. All I wanted to do was tell the truth and when they wouldn’t let me do that, I walked out…. It was a disgrace to everyone, the victims and the family members who lost loved ones. I don’t agree with the 9/11 Commission. The whole experience was terrible.” See:

Firefighter Angel Rivera:

Edmund McNally was in Tower 2. See:

Other civilian witnesses: WMV video download (231kB)
Or at

Also see 9/11 Revisited at:

Excerpts From 9-11 Police Reports and Radio Traffic Transcripts: and

12. J. McMichael; Muslims Suspend Laws of Physics:

Member “Dashmesh” at HistoryChannel,com, September 17, 2006, (citing Jeff King, Robert McNamara, Thomas Eagar and Eric Hufschmid) (emphasis added):

See: Loose Change 2nd Edition: Dylan Avery, Korey Rowe, and Jason Bermas at and:

From the Improbable Collapse DVD also see:

Dr. Jeff King, December 5, 2002; (emphasis added):

911 Mysteries; Part 1 – Demolitions;

Improbable Collapse; Michael Berger, Rebecca Cerese & John Gannon; 2006;

13. Loose Change 2nd Edition Recut: Dylan Avery, Korey Rowe, and Jason Bermas:

9/11 Revisited:

Why the towers fell: Two theories; William Rice, P.E.; Vermont Guardian; March 1, 2007; William Rice, P.E., is a registered professional civil engineer who worked on structural steel (and concrete) buildings in Boston, New York, and Philadelphia. He was also a professor at Vermont Technical College where he taught engineering materials, structures lab, and other building related courses.

14. Richard Gage, Architects & Engineers for 9/11 Truth;;

See 9/11 Revisited:

Also see: plaguepuppy (Dr. Jeff King);

15. Days later, NASA infrared satellite images identified hotspots in the debris exceeding 1300 degrees Fahrenheit.

See: Jimmy Walter, and Confronting The Evidence at also from Jimmy Walter

Improbable Collapse; Michael Berger, Rebecca Cerese & John Gannon; 2006;

16. Kevin R. Ryan Æ, James R. Gourley Æ & Steven E. Jones; Environmental Anomolies at the World Trade Center: Evidence for Energetic Materials; 2008.

For a portfolio of Kevin Ryan’s many contributions to the scientific discourse on issues related to 9/11, see:

Kevin Ryan; Letter to Frank Gayle, National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) from Kevin Ryan, Site Manager, Environmental Health Laboratories, A Division of Underwriters Laboratories; November 11, 2004.

Kevin Ryan also thoroughly demolishes NIST’s later claim that “dislodged fireproofing” was the cause of the WTC collapse:

“We now know that US Government scientists were not able to produce evidence for ‘widely dislodged’ fireproofing within the World Trade Center towers on 9/11. Because of this, the distinction between the fire-based hypothesis of collapse and the demolition hypothesis centers on one question. Were the steel assemblies used to construct those buildings tested for fire resistance as required by the New York City code?

As I have stated many times in public, UL made it clear to me and others that they performed this testing. Of course I have their statements on the subject in writing, and I would have been a fool to have made such claims publicly without possessing such documentation.”
(Kevin Ryan; Letter to Frank Gayle, National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) from Kevin Ryan, Site Manager, Environmental Health Laboratories, A Division of Underwriters Laboratories; November 11, 2004)

Improbable Collapse; Michael Berger, Rebecca Cerese & John Gannon; 2006;

17. Seismic Proof; Craig T. Furlong & Gordon Ross; 2006 at:


Also see Dr. King’s website:

19. Even FEMA conceded that:

“The specifics of the fires in WTC 7 and how they caused the building to collapse remain unknown.”

At Jimmy Walter, and Confronting The Evidence at ; Jimmy Walter.

Boots melting 1100 degrees debris:

Linda Willing, “Report from Ground Zero: The World Trade Center Collapse”; FireWork, 9/2001

“Jet fuel is a hydrocarbon which can maintain a constant temperature of 1120 degrees Celsius after 40 minutes but only if the fuel source is maintained. The fuel would have burned off immediately upon impact, therefore it is scientifically impossible that 12 tons of steel and titanium was vaporized by jet fuel.” (Loose Change Re-cut; Referential to the fact that burning jet fuel will not even melt a jetliner, let alone a skyscraper) Accessible at:

The New York Times, August 22, 2008 by Eric Lipton. The article also states:

“But the analysis showed that even in the worst case, the diesel fuel-fed fire would not have burned hot enough or long enough to have played a major role in weakening the structure. ”

“Dr. Sunder said there were no apparent flaws in 7 World Trade Center’s design that contributed to its collapse and that it met New York City codes.”

Oral Histories From September 11 (Brian Fitzpatrick);

(Senator Kerry:) Aaron Dykes; JonesReport; April 22, 2007

Tris McCall:

20. (Rudy Giuliani:)
(Giuliani on Rescue Efforts,, 9/12/01 [cached])
21. BBC: Public Comments on WTC 7 Draft Reports; September 15, 2008; James R. Gourley, Esq., Chemical Engineer, International Center for 9/11 Studies, Tony Szamboti, Mechanical Engineer, Architects & Engineers for 9/11 Truth, Richard Gage, AIA Architect, Architects & Engineers for 9/11 Truth, Graeme MacQueen, Ph.D., Scholars for 9/11 Truth & Justice, Dr. Steven Jones, Ph.D. Physicist, S&J Scientific Co., Kevin Ryan, Chemist, Scholars for 9/11 Truth & Justice, Dr. Niels Harrit, Ph.D. Chemistry, University of Copenhagen, Ron Brookman, Structural Engineer, Architects & Engineers for 9/11 Truth, Chris Sarns, Architects & Engineers for 9/11 Truth, Kamal Obeid, SE PE, Structural Engineer, Architects & Engineers for 9/11 Truth, Scott Grainger, PE, Forensic Engineer, Civil Engineer, Architects & Engineers for 9/11 Truth, Frank Legge, Logistical Systems Consulting, Bob Fischer, Architects & Engineers for 9/11 Truth, Justin Keogh, Architects & Engineers for 9/11 Truth, David Chandler, Architects & Engineers for 9/11 Truth and Gregg Roberts;
22. Patriots Question 9/11; accessible online at

23. An Incomplete Investigation: Why did the 9/11 Commission ignore “Able Danger”?; Louis Freeh; November 17, 2005; The Wall Street Journal; accessible online at
24. Confronting the Evidence; 2006. Jimmy Walter, and Confronting The Evidence, 2006, Jimmy Walter, at

25. Results of the 2006 Zogby Poll cited at: Jimmy Walter, and Confronting The Evidence, 2006, Jimmy Walter, at

26. Patriots Question 9/11; accessible online at

27. Architects & Engineers for 9/11 Truth;

28. Patriots Question 9/11; accessible online at

29. Patriots Question 9/11; accessible online at

30. The President Ought to be Ashamed: Former Sen. Max Cleland blasts Bush’s “Nixonian” stonewalling of the 9/11 commission, his “lies” about Iraq, and his flight-suit photo op on the USS Lincoln after “hiding out” during Vietnam;
Eric Boehlert; November 21, 2003:

Louis Freeh Charges 9/11 Commission Cover-Up; November 17, 2005: Wires:

(This chart originally appeared at and is the intellectual property of David R. Wayne & Greg Garrison ©2008 with all use permissions hereby granted provided that all copies include this parenthetical proprietary notice in full)

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